Table Tennis is also called ping-pong and whiff-whaff. This is a game in which two or four players hit light balls back and forth across the table using the small racket. The game takes place on a hard table divided on the net. The rules other than the first are as follows:-
Players are allowed to play on the table. the ball must be allowed to bounce once. He must return so that he bounces on the other side at least once. When a players fails to return the ball inside the rules, a point is scored.
The game is fast and demands a response. Turning the ball has its trajectory. Turns and limits the opponent’s options, giving him a better hit advantage.
- Highest Governing body – ITTF
- First Played – 1880s Victorian England
- Contant – No
- Team Members – single or double
- Type – requet sport, indoor
- Equipment – poly, 40mm (1.57 in), 2.7g (0.095 oz)
- Glossary – glossary of table tennis
- Olympic – since 1988
- Paralympic – since inaugural 1960 summer paralympic
Table tennis is run by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), a worldwide organization established in 1926. It currently has 226 members associations. The rules of table tennis officials are specified in the ITTF booklet.
Table tennis has been an olympic sport since 1988, with many events. From 1988 to 2004, there were men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles, women’s doubles. Since 2008, she has held a team instead of being a doubles.
Many people in America, India and South-Africa believe that the game was played in their country. But other experts say that this game started in England. Ping-Pong Association was formed in England itself. Later it was renamed as table tennis association in 1926. The United States table tennis association was formed in 1933. Then in 1938, the indian table tennis association was established. At the olympic level, table tennis was included in the 1988 olympic games. But table tennis has been played since 1958 in Asian Games.
The game originated in Victorian England where it was played in the upper class aftter a dinner parlour game. It has been suggested that temporary versions of the game were developed by British Military Officers in India around 1860 or 1870. Who brought it back with them. A row of books stood as a net in the middle of the table. Two more books were given in the form of rackets and used to hit a golf ball relentlessly.
After the 2000 olympics in Sydney, the ITTF introduced several rules changes. Whose goal was to make table tennis more viable as a spectator on television. Previously, older 38mm (1.50 in) balls were officially replaced in october 2000 by 40mm (1.57 in).
This increased the air resistance of the ball and effectively slowed the game down. By this time players began to increase the thickness of the sharp sponge layer on their paddles. This made the game faster and harder to watch T.V. A few month’s later, the ITTF was changed from a 21 point to an 11 point scoring system, effective in september 2001. It was intended to make the game more fast paced and exciting.
Effective in 2002, ITTF also changed the rules of service to prevent a player from concealing the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of effective raids and reduce server advantage. The ball must be thrown into the air at a height of at least 16cm to provide time to defeat the opposition. The ITTF states than all events after july 2014 are played with a new shift material ball.
Table tennis tables should be 274cm long and 152.5cm wide. It’s height should be 76cm. The table can be made of any material but its bounce should be according to the norm and the same. The surface of the table should be dark green. The border line on each side of table should be white in colour and 2cm wide. The white lines for the double should be 3cm wide and should be laced in the centre of the table. This line should be parallel to the side lines.
The length of table tennis net should be 183cm. The height of the net should be 15.25cm from the table surface.
What can be the shape or size of a racket, but its surface should be tough.
The ball should be circular. Itt should be made of plastic material or celluloid. Ball colour should be white and orange. The diameter of the ball should be 40mm and its weight should be 2.55 grams.
5. Order of serving, receiving and ends
Serving, receiving and siro’s karma is decided by lottery. The winner of the lottery can choose to seerve or receive at anny end. When a player or double’s player choose another option. After every 2 points, the receiving playerr will serve and continue this sequence until the game ends. If the scores of both the players reach 10-10 then the order of serving and receiving remains the same. But each player will only serve once until the end of their turn game. The player who served in the first game will receive in the next game.
A game is won by the player or double players who first scored 11 points. If both the players score 10-10 points then the same player wins the game which takes the lead of the first two-digits.
There are five best games for men and three best for women.
At the beginning of the service, the palm of the server’s hand should be open, immovable, stable and independent. The player’s hand must be above the playing surface until the ball is strike. The server should be bounce the ball at least 16cm upward without spinning. The server must strike the ball when the bow goes down. So that after the strike it touches the server’s courrt and touches the receiver directly over the net.
The ball should be returned in such a way that it crosses directly above the net and touches the oponent’s court. If the ball can ttouch the net or its sports while it is passing over it, it is considered to have passed directly.
A player loses points:-
- If he fails to do good service.
- If he fails to return tha ball properly.
- When the is in play, at such a time, his free hands touches the playing surface.
- If during the game, his racket or uniform touches the net’s sport’s.
- The oposing player makes a good return and before the ball touches the playing surfce of his own half if the player or his uniform contacts the ball.
- If he strikes the ball twise.
These will be service let:-
- If in service, the ball touhes the net or its sports crossing the net.
- On the conditionn that the service is fine.
- If the receiver is not ready to play the ball and makes no effect to play the ball.
- The order of play is interrupted accidently or accidently in the game.
- If a layer is warned or punished.